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Year 2 children have been learning about the The Great Fire of London which started in September 1666. This happened less than a year after the Great Plague which claimed many lives. The fire started by accident in a bakers shop in Pudding Lane and quickly swept through the City burning lots of houses many of which were made of wood.
The Great Fire of London Facts
- The famous ‘Great Fire of London’ started on Sunday 2 September 1666 in a bakers shop.
- The shop was in ‘Pudding Lane’ and belonged to Thomas Faynor who baked for the King.
- The baker forgot to put out the fire in the oven which he used to bake bread.
- A spark from the oven landed on a stack of dry fire wood and the fire began.
- The buildings in London at the time were made of wood and had thatched roofs so they burnt very easily.
- The buildings were built very close together, so the fire spread from one street to another quickly.
- A very strong wind was blowing and helped the fire to spread quickly across the city of London.
- There were no firefighters or fire engines so people tried to put the fire out with buckets of water.
- The fire destroyed many buildings in London. They were later rebuilt using bricks instead of wood.
- Samuel Pepys kept a diary of what he saw during the fire. He watched the fire from across the River Thames.
- The fire continued burning for four days. Luckily only 4 people were reported to have died.
- A statue built to remember the ‘Great Fire of London’ called the monument still stands in London today and was designed and built by Sir Christopher Wren.
- Sir Christopher Wren also designed and built the current St. Paul’s Cathedral the old St. Paul’s was burnt down in the ‘Great Fire’.
As part of the topic the children have also had a visit from Staffordshire Fire & Rescue service. They spoke about their role in the service and how to keep safe and prevent fires and how modern day fires are fought. Mrs Kauser and Miss Turner had the opportunity to dress in modern firefighters uniform.
During this topic the children learnt many facts surrounding the event of the Great Fire of London. The children learnt who started the fire, where it happened and when it happened. We then sequenced the events of the Great Fire and realised that the fire spread very quickly.
Year 2 then investigated the reasons for why the fire spread so fast. As a result, the children looked into materials in which the houses where made of in 1666 and they then recreated their own Stuart houses in Design Technology.
The children discovered first hand just how quickly fire can spread, when their Stuart houses were set ablaze when we recreated the Great Fire of London.